Today's Parade is just chock full of retro dynamite. We have a treatise on Africans taking our white women as trophy wives, a reveal on the new replay machine for football games, and an open letter to President Nixon - plus flamethrowers for your yard! It's an issue you won't want to miss...
"White Wives - African Status Symbol" by Lloyd Shearer
Ruth Williams Khama, 47, English-born and bred, is recognized as the Mother of Her Country, Botswana, in the heart of Black Africa. Regine Soule, 21, attractive young French schoolteacher from Carcassonne, will occupy a similar position in November when she marries Ali Bourhan Aref, 36, President of the French East African Territory of Afars and Issas.
Ruth and Regine are not the only white wives of black African leaders. Senegal, the Republic of the Congo, Mauretania, Tunisia, and Kenya also boast, or did at one time, white First Ladies.
In emerging Africa, white wives have become status symbols. They represent all the desirable qualities the colonial powers so long denied their African subjects: self-respect, freedom of choice, independence.
Africa's leaders marry white women not only to prove that they themselves are the equal of white men but in some cases, owing to circumstances. For many years they lived and studied abroad, in England or in France,, where they met their white wives-to-be. Ten years ago—even now—relatively few black African women have the education, background, and know-how necessary to complement a political leader in his duties.
However, the course of interracial love in Africa, as elsewhere, does not as a rule run smoothly.
In 1948, for example, when Seretse Khama, a young tribal chieftain from the British protectorate of Bechuanaland, was studying law at Oxford, he met Ruth Williams, then a secretary at Lloyd's of London. He proposed and was accepted. But both families strongly objected to the match. The government of the neighboring Union of South Africa protested vigorously that such a marriage would create a dangerous political and racial situation, and the Church of England refused to conduct the ceremony.
The Khamas spent six years of en¬forced exile in Britain while Seretse was compelled to renounce his succession to the throne. Only then was he allowed to return to Africa.
Today, after 23 years of marriage, Seretse Khama is the first President of the independent state of Botswana, where his wife and the mother of their four children is revered as "Mother of Us All."
The French, not quite as color-conscious as the British, generated fewer difficulties when Leopold Senghor, black deputy to the National Assembly from the French Colony of Senegal, took a French bride after World War II.
Senghor, a poet-professor-statesman, says, "When it cornes to people I have always been color-blind. I looked for a wife not on the basis of skin color, but whether I could love.her and she could return that love. Colette is the woman of my heart, and it's only an accident that she is white."
Mrs. Senghor, the former Colette Hubert of Paris, now mother of three, travels widely with her husband, who has been President of Senegal since 1960.
Not so Clothilde Ngouabi, 29-year-old French wife of Marien Ngouabi, Congo President. Black nationalism in the West African state requires that Mrs. Ngouabi, a former salesgirl, lead a life of quiet seclusion with her two sons and keep out of the public eye.
In Mauretania the same holds true for Marie-Therese Daddah, French wife of Moktar Ould Daddah, who is Head of State. Daddah insists that his wife remain in seclusion like all good Moslem wives.
When he marries his young French fiancee Regine, Ali Bourhan Aref of Afars and Issas will break with Islamic custom. He rs now divorcing his present two wives as a concession to European sensibilities.
But white wives and European customs are losing their status elsewhere in Africa as some African leaders gain self-confidence, self-assertion, and pride of Africanism. Two of Africa's most respected elder statesmen, both married in their youth to European women, have divorced their white wives.
Jomo Kenyatta, President of Kenya, met and married schoolmistress Edna Clarke when he was living in England. Twenty years and one son later, Kenyatta divorced her.
Divorce after 37 years
When he was a student at the University of Paris after the first World War, Habib Bourguiba married a young Frenchwoman, Mathilde Lorrain, who also bore him a son. In 1961; Bourguiba, since become the President of Tunisia, divorced his wife after 37 years of marriage.
But Kenyatta, 80, and Bourguiba,*67, did not renounce their European wives just to live out their twilight years in stately celibacy. Both are now remarried to young women of their own culture.
Instant Replay - How It Works
The football season is back with us again, if it ever really left, and with it the "instant replay."
In any group of football fans you can hear a wide variety of opinions on how immediate playbacks of action highlights are achieved. The truth, of course, is that most people don't know.
The facts are these:
In 1967 the Ampex Corporation developed a special instant replay recording device.Unlike videotape recorders, which use reels of videotape to record and replay most of the scenes we view on TV, the instant replay recorder uses a shiny .metal disk about the size of a pizza platter. On this shiny disk, the ma¬chine records only 30 sec¬onds of television action at a time.
The replay machine costs $100,000, and since 1967 the networks and independent TV production companies have bought more than 100 of them, an outlay of $10 million, which will give you a small idea of what value the TV producers place on the instant replay.
The disk is used instead of tape, because reproduction people can backtrack exactly to the start of a recorded play on the disk in less than four seconds. The instant replay can then be aired before the next play or commercial.
Tape reels, on the other hand, take longer to rewind, and it is far more difficult to spot a starting place on tape. Since no play lasts longer than 30 seconds, the 16-inch disk works out fine.
In an important football game as many as three instant replay machines are used. Each is capable of recording the action from one to eight cameras located in different areas of the stadium. The cameras beam live pictures into a bank of television monitors located in a van parked outside the stadium. Prom these eight sources, a director in the van chooses what goes on the air. He can talk with the camera¬men, the instant replay recorder operators, and a technical director who pushes the buttons that select which camera's view is aired.
One word from the director, and the instant replay operator can re show that controversial run or touch¬down pass at normal speed, slow motion, or freeze the action at key points. He can, however, record from only one pre selected camera at a time.
The television director tries to anticipate the plays. Experienced directors, with several instant replay recorders at their disposal, have high instant, replay completion percent-ages. Sometimes, however, they guess wrong. But then again, a quarterback who can't fool a TV director now and then isn't going to find himself on TV very often anyway.
I remember seeing these at Spencer Gifts, but never actually in somebody's home. How many people stared at these "luminous spheres" whilst fully stoned in the 70s is anybody's guess.
What's strange is that, in a recent post on Journal magazine, a commenter wondered who the cover model was (postulating that it might be Ann Turkle).... and here she is again! Who is this chick?
When PARADE originally proposed this emergency communications link nearly three years ago—Sept. 29, 1968— you said it was "an interesting idea." You also indicated that you wished to explore the possibilities of improving relations between the United States and the People's Republic of China and that many problems must be overcome before hot line negotiations could begin. Your upcoming trip to China now provides such an opportunity.
In this era of super-sophisticated technology, nuclear, satellite and testing accidents are possible. As you know, a number of accidents have occurred over the years.
This problem will soon be even more complex when China becomes the third nation, along with the U. S. and the U.S.S.R., to possess the intercontinental ballistic missile.
A Washington-Peking hot line would serve not only to prevent the misinterpretation of accident as attack, but in times of crises it would serve as a near-instant communicator of our reaction and intention.
Since 1963, the Washington-Moscow hot line—which PARADE proposed in I960—has served the nation well on at least 15 occasions, including the Six-Day War in the Middle East and the Tonkin Gulf incident.
A Washington-Peking hot line is a similar necessity.
PARADE respectfully suggests that you place it on your agenda when you visit the People's Republic of China.
JESS GORKIN EDITOR OF PARADE
This just blows the mind. The image of this woman with a FLAME GUN doesn't seem like it could be real. Anyone remember having one of these? And, if so, how many people died?
Finally, there's an article on Nixon's health conscious administration (!) which contains a couple plum pictures...
I'm constantly confronted on Tumblr with pictures that I know I scanned years ago being shared and passed along with no credit to yours truly. I predict I'll be seeing this one popping up in the not too distant future.
We'll end with Muskie's wife doing yoga. Cheers!