Opinions and Rants #37: The Top 5 Ways Halloween Has Changed

This is when I get to put on my velour bathrobe, wag my finger like an excitable geezer, and start sentences with "In my day..."

Before writing this post, I didn't think there was any significant difference between Halloween now as compared to when I was a young whippersnapper.  Obviously the candy has changed - I got Good'n'Plenty, kids today get Nerds.... big deal.

But the more I reflected on it, the more I realized there really has been a marked change in the holiday.  The Halloween of 2011 is significantly different than the Halloween of '74. Although, I wouldn't say it's unrecognizable, I would say that certain differences should be pointed out...


Vinyl Dynamite #34: Halloween Howls

Boris the Spider by The Kords (1966)

"Boris the Spider" as we all know was originally recorded by The Who.  However, back in the day, cover songs didn't cost you an arm and a leg in royalties.  In fact, most rock groups that had no money and hadn't made it yet, found cover songs the best way into the mainstream.  The best example, perhaps, is The Rolling Stones' cover of The Beatles' "I Wanna Be Your Man"..... which is kind of a sad testament to how greedy the music biz has become when you consider The Stones sued the shit out of The Verve for just using their instrumentals in the background of "Bittersweet Symphony".

But I digress.  That's a topic for another post.  It's almost Halloween, so let's cut the jibba jabba and get to some more vintage Halloween Howls!


The Boob Tube #27: Munster Sharity

The Munsters was the ultimate sitcom for a young lad like myself, back in the day.  It had everything a boy could want:

The Munsters had horror puns up the yin yang.
Every kid goes through a corny joke phase, and The Munsters was all up in that business with a vengeance.
Ex. "Hey, I learned how to gila monster with a broken heart...get her fiance to give her diamondback!" HAHAHAHA (kids laugh uncontrollably while they groan like Lurch and roll their eyes)

Most of all, though, kids were into monsters.  The show was essentially Donna Reed with freaking monsters. The Addams Family was great, but a lot of the humor was lost on me.  Plus, Gomez and Morticia looked ready to get down to the business of f***ing at any moment.... I didn't know what sex was, but I felt uncomfortable nonetheless.

So, in honor of a show that made my childhood just a little bit more enjoyable, here's a few Munster odds and ends.  Enjjoy.


Comic Books #32: AIEEE!

When writing a horror comic you're going to be confronted with the enevitable question "what do I put in a speech bubble when somebody screams?"  Naturally, there's a lot of screaming going on in this type of genre, so you better have a nice catch-all exclamation at the ready. "AIEEEE!" is your catch-all.

Let's face it, "EEEK!" sounds girly and lame (who ever really screams "EEK!" anyway?).  And the Curse of the Ancients ("Great Caesar's Ghost!", "By Jove!", "Odin's Beard!") sounds rather unrealistic.

A simple "EEEEE!" is an option, but it sounds more like a police siren or shrill laughter than blood curdling horror.  Then there's "AAAAA!" but that looks too much like a refreshing "AAAAAH."  The most realistic of all would be to use expletives ("Holy Shit!); however, this was strictly verboten back in the day.

Thus, we are left with good ole "AIEEE!".  Let's see it in action...


Retro Film Report #17: Night of the Bloody Apes (1968)

I realize the title alone is a turn off to most of you readers. My wife asked me what I was watching on my phone the other night. When I told her it was a movie called Night of the Bloody Apes, she groaned and shook her head, as if to say, “You are a complete moron, and there is no hope for you.”

Let me start by saying that this movie delivered on all counts and I make no apologies. There was an interesting story, hot naked babes, and a bloody ape that took care of business with extreme prejudice. What more do you want?


Retrospace Mix Tape #16: Horror Movies

  1. Jump Rope - A Nightmare on Elm Street
  2. Mater Tenebrarum - Inferno
  3. I Was A Teenage Werewolf movie promo
  4. A Gremlin Goes Postal - Gremlins
  5. Devil's Witchcraft - The Dunwich Horror
  6. Christine Attacks - Christine
  7. The Mummy movie promo
  8. Phantasm theme
  9. Horror Of Dracula movie promo
  10. Maypole - The Wicker Man 
  11. Suspiria theme
  12. The Old Ghoul Walks - Plan 9 from Outer Space
  13. The Satanic Rites of Dracula theme
  14. The She Creature - It Counquered The World movie promo
  15. I Drink Your Blood theme
  16. Trilogy Of Terror theme
  17. Blacula Strikes! - Blacula
  18. Carol Ann's Theme (End Title) - Poltergeist
  19. De Natura Sonoris No.2 - The Shining
  20. Willow's Song - The Wicker Man
  21. Perche' Quelle Strane Gocce Di Sangue Sul Corpo Di Jennifer (The Case of the Bloody Iris)
  22. The Astro-Zombies movie promo
  23. Opening Titles - Prince of Darkness
  24. Re-Animator Theme Reprise
  25. Laurie's Theme - Halloween 
  26. The Museum - Dressed To Kill
  27. The Stalkwalk - Blacula
  28. Creature from the Black Lagoon Main Title
  29. Prologue - Creepshow
  30. Sisters-Main Titles
  31. Profondo Rosso theme
  32. Ave Satani - The Omen
  33. The House On Sorority Row - Main Title
  34. Dracula A.D. 1972 theme
  35. Tubular Bells Part 1 - The Exorcist
  36. L'Uccello Dalle Piume Di Cristallo (The Bird with the Crystal Plumage)
  37. Godzilla Vs Mechagodzilla theme
  38. End Theme - The Toolbox Murders
  39.  Halloween III: Season Of The Witch Main Title
  40. The Swarm Main Title
  41. Halloween Main Title
  42. Overture - Night Of The Demon
  43. The Altar - The Omen
  44. The Book Of Evil - The Evil Dead II
  45. The Fog main theme
  46. The Shining Main Title 



Vintage Style #23: Trick or Treat Attire

I'm torn between thinking Halloween costumes of the 70s were generally better than they are today.... or that they were much, much worse.  After all, most kids back then got their costume from a box at a drugstore.  The box contained nothing more than a cheap mask and corresponding plastic apron.

But the fact that store bought offerings were so shitty meant that kids had to improvise a bit.  This yielded some pretty interesting results; whereas, nowadays the costumes really don't need much "accessorizing'.  Thus, you'll get 40 trick or treaters dressed as Green Lantern at your door, and every one of them looks exactly the same.


Vinyl Dynamite #33: Ghoulish Grooves

I'm the Wolfman - Round Robin - 1965

It's getting near Halloween and I'm feeling a bit festive.  Time to dust off some old horror records and let the sharing begin.   Just for the hell of it, I've included some "cover art" created by yours truly.  Happy listening!


Vintage Scares #26: Haunted Attractions

Do they even have scary carnival attractions like this anymore? Sure, they were a bitter disappointment once you got inside, but that wasn't the point.  The name of the game was (1) conquering your fears and (2) having something to brag about later.

The fact that it was not nearly as terrifying as the horrifying exterior would lead you to believe was a actually a good thing.  You manned up, pulled the trigger, and came out on top.  The fact that it wasn't particularly scary merely meant you were a Man of Bravery and Courage.

Of course, you would be sure to embellish the truth the next day at school.  I once went to a carnival attraction that consisted of the lights being turned off and a shitty Halloween sound effects record being played.  You could even hear the scratches on the record.  Nonetheless, I was sure to tell all my friends (and any girls who cared to listen) that it was a full-on balls-out horror extravaganza complete with a beheading and freak that got loose from its cage.


Occult #11: More Black Arts from Archie Comics

Just so you don't think that last one was an anomaly, here's another Archie comics episode where our girl, Veronica Lodge, decides to dabble in the Black Arts - specifically, voodoo. 

What's particularly disturbing about this one is, not so much the two girls getting into some wicked shit, but rather Jughead's twisted obsession with it. Three pages into this story, Jughead develops an unrelenting fetish of girl on girl voodoo action. It's something so unbelievably twisted, it could ONLY happen in the 1970s.

And if you think it's not for real, think again.  It's in Archie's Girls Betty & Veronica, No. 201, March 1973.  Have a look...

Occult #10: Veronica Lodge Possessed by Medieval Sorcerer

Remember those Christian Archie comics? Well, this damn sure isn't one of them.  I nearly choked on a Funyun when I read Archie's Girls Betty & Veronica No. 201, September 1972.  It's just effing bizzare.

I understand there's a joke in here somewhere; but, it gets lost amid Medieval curses and satanic incantations. Throughout the whole comic, Veronica is spouting demonic spells in some lost cursed tongue. I get the distinct feeling the author didn't think through the whole gag and it got away from him.

While you're reading this, I want you to think about how Veronica's unholy dirges would sound to the human ear.  Is it her normal speaking voice.... or is it the wicked aged voice like that in The Exorcist, or perhaps a deep thundreous Ancient voice like that of Saruman the White? You be the judge.


Magazines #30: Horror Mag Sharity

Why do I feel the need to share my stuff? I was never a particularly giving child. I could be damn near miserly, in fact, when it came to my toys and comic books.  Now that things have gone digital, it seems I can't stop sharing my loot with the world. What gives?.

I mean, it's not like I'm getting money for it, and I'm not exactly the most charitable person in the world. If there's a shrink out there reading this, maybe you can explain why I just spent several hours getting these old magazines available to the people.  My personal theory is that I have a hyperactive subliminal desire to preserve the past - to not let those glory days die.

But, enough about my mental health.  In preparation for Halloween, let's get some free vintage horror magazines.  Enjoy them while they last, though.  As you may have heard from the last post, I'm  kicking Rapidshare to the curb.  Once my membership expires (which shouldn't be too much longer), all the rapidshare links go dead.  I'll be using another service in the future that doesn't suck balls.


Retrospace Mix Tape #15: 2011 Halloween Mix

Here's another Halloween mix tape for you listening pleasure.  Please feel free to drop some loose change in the tip jar in the sidebar.  Let's keep this magical mystery tour we call Retrospace alive and well, ladies and gents.  To those who have already donated, your generosity is greatly appreciated.

Jacula - Soul Satan 1979
The Duponts - Screamin' Ball (At Dracula Hall) 1958
Movie Promo The Haunted Strangler
Bo Diddley - Bo Meets The Monster
Billy Demarco & Count Dracula -Drac's Back 1962
Revels - Midnight Stroll 1959
Virgil Holmes - Ghost Train 1961
Buchanan & Goodman - Frankenstein Of '59
The Verdicts - The Mummy's Ball 1961
Hollywood Flames - Frankenstein's Den
The Nu-Trends - Spooksville 1963
Milton DeLugg & The All-Stars - The Munster's Theme 1964
Thomas Newman - To The Shock Of Miss Louise 1987
John Zacherle - Coolest Little Monster 1960
Five Man Electrical Band - Werewolf
Bill Doggett - Monster Party 1959
Johnny Fuller - Haunted House
The Jayhawks - The Creature (From Outer Space) 1957
The Kac-Ties - Mr Were-Wolf 1962
Screamin' Jay Hawkins - Feast Of The Mau Mau
Allan Sherman - My Son, the Vampire 1964
Bobby Please And The Pleasers - The Monster 1959
Redbone - The Witch Queen Of New Orleans
The Fiends - Theme from The Addams Family 1964
Johnny Otis Show With Marci Lee - Castin' My Spell
Billy Lee Riley - Nightmare Mash 1963
Sonny Richard's Panics With Cindy And Misty - The Voo Doo Walk 1962
Swingin' Phillies - Frankenstein's party 1958
The Monotones - Legend of Sleepy Hollow 1958
Howlin' Wolf - I Ain't Superstitious
Jackie Morningstar - Rockin' In The Graveyard 1959
Buchanan & Goodman - Frankenstein Returns (Part II)
Morgue And The Ghouls - Morgus The Magnificent
Orvin Yoes - The Vampire 1960
Combustible Edison - Bewitched 1995
Combustible Edison - Coven of Witches 1995
Trax - Watch Out For The Boogie Man 1977
The Vamps - Disco Blood 1977
Saxon - Princess Of The Night 1981
Jack Malmsten - Satan Takes a Holiday

DOWNLOAD via Rapidshare
DOWNLOAD via retrospace.biz
Okay, I'm pretty sure we've got a workable link again..... (crap, I hope I didn't just jinx it)

Mini Skirt Monday #92: Cheerleaders

It's amazing that we're on Mini Skirt Monday 92 and I'm just not getting to cheerleaders - the embodiment of the miniskirt if there ever was one.  Prior to the latter half of the sixties, cheerleaders wore fairly long dresses - poodle skirt looking things that weren't impressing anybody.

Then, some unknown genius had the idea to put their cheerleaders in minis, and the rest is history.  And what's so amazing is that hemlines have gone up and down over the years, but the good ole cheerleader outfit has not once succumbed to the temptation of dropping the hemline.  Sure, they've opted for short shorts, hotpants if you will; but, they've always been the biggest ally of the mini.


School Daze #4: An Illustrated High School Dance Survival Guide

Herein is a high school dance survival guide that all teenagers should commit to memory. Parents, I encourage you to print this guidebook out on expensive stock paper and present it to your kids.  They will thank you for it..

Feel free to ask questions and take notes. Even though this is a pretty comprehensive manual, I'm open to any addenda that can be put in a comment.   Let the instruction begin...


Important Things to Know #11: Mystery Quote Key to Lifelong Happiness

I've had this picture for a while now, and it has more or less plagued me since the day I found it.  Granted, the lady atop the table is mighty fine - that isn't my problem.  My issue is with the plaque on the wall.  It seems to be a recipe for absolute happiness... yet, the answer is cropped out of the picture! Ye, Gods, what a cruel joke you have cursed me with! I swear on the Beard of Zeus I shall unlock this riddle!

"You have everything my friend - youth, education and money - yet, still you are unhappy - WHY?"

What is the answer? Given the name of the restaurant whose walls this plaque hangs on, I'm assuming it's from Zorba the Greek (1946).  There's all kinds of sage advice spit out by the grandfather scattered throughout that novel... but I can't seem to find this particular one.


Comic Books #31: Horror Comic Sharity

Christmas is traditionally the season of giving (and, of course, getting); however, the charitable spirit hit me a couple months early this year.  Here's five old-school horror comics for year reading pleasure.   Let me know if you want more - I've got a million of 'em.  I'm not much of a comic book nerd  aficionado when it comes to the superhero genre; however, I am balls-out crazy for some Tales from the Crypt-esque cautionary tales of monsters, murder, and mayhem. 

So, let's save any further blathering and commence to downloading some groovy age horror comics. Enjoy!

Needlework A-Go Go #22

Here's some more groovy yarn action from the sixties and seventies.  Screw Cosmo and Vogue; I want some good ol' craft pamphlets to supply my vintage fashion fix. The first one up is a 1971 booklet called "All That Glitters"... (or "all that is gold does not glitter" says Gandalf).


Important Things to Know #10: A Tale of Two Gonzos

Stop and think about this: Jim Henson and Dave Goelz named their new Muppet "Gonzo" at about the same time Hunter S. Thompson adopts the term Gonzo to describe his new brand of journalism.  I'm not so much enamored by the coincidence as I am the different paths those two Gonzos took from roughly the same starting line.

In 1970, Hunter S. Thompson was watching the counter culture's "high water mark" (his words not mine) recede into the abyss.  Drug experimentation was once a means to usher in a New Renaissance and shake hands with your Divine Maker.  Now it had devolved into a chaotic mix of hedonism, addiction, and felony arrests.  The mantra that "All You Need Is Love" had warped into wanton sex - total pleasure, completely devoid of "Love"; bringing only emptiness, guilt and disease.

In Hunter S. Thompson's mind, the fat lady sang when RFK was murdered. It was no surprise to Thompson when Altamont, the Manson murders, Watergate and the My Lai Massacre followed closely behind.  The ensuing decades were nothing more than the backwash of a dream collapsed - disco, Reaganomics, cocaine, and terrorist attacks.  Nothing left to do but watch ESPN and shoot your guns... which is exactly what he did.

This other Gonzo, the Muppet, has much more in common with the Children of the Aftermath.  Generation Xers were born into a world whose dreams had just been sent throught the sausage grinder.  We came into a world that had no Beatles, no Timothy Leary, no Woodstock, no Peaceful Resistance, no transcendental philosophy.... Xers arrived at the party just in time for the hangover.  Gonzo the Great was our guy.

Our Gonzo had no identity, no defined species. John Cleese called our Gonzo "the ugly, disgusting little one who catches cannonballs." Gen Xers weren't "important" like their parents: college campuses, once ground zero in the counter culture movement and bastions of protest, now were quiet.  You can have your damn Kent State and "Sit-Ins", we'd rather watch the Cosby Show and then do some Jell-O shooters.

Perhaps this younger generation, the ones marching on Wall Street, will be able to ressurect a cause and purpose.  Whether the movement is right or wrong, at least there's a cause, a unifying drum beat.  Hunter S. Thompson would be proud.

Meanwhile, Gonzo the Great is just interested in laying down some chickens.


Retrospace Podcast #22



"Night Gallery" theme (7 seconds only)
Halloween III TV promo
"Cthu Thlu" - Caravan
"Visiting Hours" movie Radio Spot
"Horror Movie" - Skyhook (1975) - (portion of song only)
Woolworth Halloween radio commercial (1978)
"Kolchak - The Night Stalker" TV theme
"Halloween" soundtrack clip (1978)
"Werewolf" - Gary Warren
"H-A-L-L-O-W-E-E-N Spells Halloween"
Bobby "Boris" Pickett WCOP Boston radio spot
"The Munsters" TV theme
Clip from "Young Frankenstein"
"Docteur Jekyll Et Monsieur Hyde" - Serge Gainsbourg
Clip from "Scary Spooky Stories" LP 1973
"Rosemary's Baby" theme as sung by Mia Farrow
"It's the Great Pumpkin, Charlie Brown" clip

Mini Skirt Monday #91: Telephone Minis

Looking through my vast library of miniskirt photographs preserved deep underground at an undisclosed Utah salt mine, I found a nice handful of pictures of miniskirted lasses on the telephone.  Back then, we didn't have cordless phones with tons of apps..... they had annoying tangly cords with two apps: talking and listening.  However, what we did have was kick ass minis everywhere you looked, and I'll take that over any app any day.


The Boob Tube #26: The Landers Sisters

Audrey or Judy Landers were everywhere you looked in the seventies and eighties.... from game shows to The A-Team, these girls were busy back then.  One minute they're on the Dukes of Hazzard, the next they're belting out "You Thrill Me" on the radio, the next they're on the big screen in Stewardess School and VHS in Dr Alien. You get my drift - they were ubiquitous queens of all media.  I didn't know which was Audrey and which was Judy back then, and quite frankly - did it really matter?

Hint: Judy is the smoking hot one and Audrey is the super sexy one.

This was the classic case of being too sexy and flaunting it to the point where no one took their acting seriously.  Audrey, for instance, finished high school two years early and was a graduate of Julliard. Yet despite a potential to demonstrate serious acting abilities, never got much respect.

It didn't help matters that Judy spent several seasons on Madame's Place doing nothing but bouncing around displaying her ample cleavage - not exactly the best way to land a dramatic role alongside Meryl Streep. Her entire wardrobe on that show for 51 episodes could most likely fit in your shirt pocket.

So, Judy married a rich major league baseball pitcher and Audrey married a rich businessman and both faded back into obscurity.... but you can't keep this level of hotness hidden for long. It's time to bring Judy and her big sis, Audrey, back to center stage.

I did a little research and was surprised to find the amount of screen time these sisters experienced during their heyday.  I mean, I knew it seemed like they were everywhere.... but daaaaammn - they really were on every channel, every night, all night long. Not that anyone was complaining about "over exposure" when it came to these two ladies, but holy shit get a load of their resume below!

I did something that no one's every wasted time on before: compiling every TV appearance in chronological order.  Unlike IMDb, this goes night by night and covers both Landers girls.  Judy is in blue type, Audrey is white, and the text is orange when they both appear together.  Read it and understand the almighty power of The Landers Sisters! (Note: I've even included a few video clip downloads for Total Landers Immersion).


Shaking Hands with the Sandwich Maker and Other Random Word Generator Tomfoolery

What's that you say? Can't get enough of the random word generator?...... oh....oh, you said you've had quite enough of the random (censored) word generator..... well this is suddenly awkward.

How about one more round and we'll call it a wrap? I'm just having too much fun to let it go just yet.  I found the Always Amusing Euphemism Generator and thought I'd give it a try.  I have a folder of odd vintage photos that I'm drawing from and simply attaching the euphemisms.  Some turned out pretty cool, and, like nearly all euphemisms, they can easily acquire a sexual connotation. Take a look.


The Boob Tube #25: Lesser Known TV Babes (Part I)

If you watched TV in the 1970s and 80s, you know it was wall to wall babes.  Sure, the ladies had their Tom Selleck and David Soul; but, the guys had eye candy from the minute you powered that boob tube on.  There were simply tons of actresses finding work in bit parts on sitcoms and one-time roles on The Love Boat, Fantasy Island or Love, American Style.  Some got recurring parts, but mostly, you blinked and you missed them.

We are all familiar with the big names of the 70s and 80s: Farrah, Suzanne Somers, Heather Thomas, Heather Locklear, Catherine Bach, etc. Today, let's have a look at those lesser known ladies of TV yesteryear.  Recognize any of them?


Catalog #15: More Sleazy 80s Catalogs

A while back I brought up the Catalog of Shame. Sears and JC Penney catalogs lingerie sections were familiar stroking stomping grounds for young boys coming of age back in the days before the internet. Indeed, you might say the Montgomery Wards bra section was a rite of passage for young lads of the seventies.... or you might just say it was a primitive 1970s wanking tool.

I think we understand each other. Before things starts getting really awkward, let's move on...


Tech #13: The Impact of Electronic Media

As far back as the Super 8, the idea was tossed around that the movie industry would become revolutionized by easy access to video cameras.  In a sense, the affordability of these hand held cameras did have an impact - primarily in the independent film "revolution" of the 1990s.  Clerks and The Blair Witch Project made millions (and are cash cows that are milked to this day) and neither would've been possible without affordable video equipment.

But this particular change in the movie industry isn't what interests me.  What blows my mind is the fact that special effects at the level of Transformers will soon be easily produced on your iPad! Imagine millions of pimply-faced pre-teens in their parent's basement making big-budget-looking sci-fi films... .will the landscape of the film industry be completely and irreversibly changed forever? I think the answer is absolutley yes.

I'm sure many of you are thinking, "Hold on there, partner. You still need a big budget to market the film." .....Well, stop thinking that. The possibility of making kick-ass films without an insane Hollywood budget can't help but revolutionize the industry, because amid the thousands of schmucks making ridiculous movies about bionic chainsaw wielding nymphos, there's bound to be the next George Lucas in the mix who would've never had the opportunity to see his or her artistic vision see the light of day.

Mini Skirt Monday #90: Minis in the News 1969

Miniskirt Diverts Legislators
DES MOINES - Jan.1969

Iowa’s House of Representatives devoted their maximum attention to a mini matter Wednesday -- Marsha's miniskirt to be exact. Attention tumed in that direction when Mrs. Dolores Abels, secretary to the chief clerk, suggested In an orientation session for new secretaries that they refrain from minis "for their pwn protection."

"I don’t feel that these young girls, some from small towns and not used to big city life, should be subjected to comments which I am certain will come," Mrs. Abels said.

And there was Marsha Thompson, 19, of Sioux Falls. S.D., all decked out in an orange minidress that stopped at about eight inches above her knee.

As word ol Mrs. Abels' suggestion spread, a number of legislators sprang to the defense of the mini, even one as "mini" as Marsha's. "I wlsh I could wear them," sighed State Sen. Charlene Conklin, R-Waterloo.

Finally, it was grandfather’s view which prevailed. Marsha is secretary to her grandfather, Rep. Leu Sanders, R- Estherville. Sanders said he saw nothing wrong with Marsha's mini, but because of the furor he might suggest that she lower her hemlines.

WASHINGTON (Reuters) -

Apollo 8 astronaut Frank Borrnan gave a cold-shoulder to aspiring femole astronauts. "I have never been one who felt it was required for women to go into space,” he said. “I don‘t look to the day when we will have female astronauts."

Borman, married with two children, was asked about the prospects at a press conference where he reported on the moon-circling flight he commanded two weeks ago. He now becomes deputy director of flight crew operations for the National Aeronautics and Space Administration. Borman said women could apply for an astronaut job but he knew of none who were qualified. He said with “long hours and a low rate of pay I don't know why they should want to do it."

He held out some hope for women reporters accompanying a future space trip. "I don't know when the first reporters will go, but I hope they will wear mini-skirts," he joked.



Obscure Grooves #18

Put on your Hush Puppies because it's time to take a stroll down to the local record store and pick up a few singles with that loose change that's been burning a hole in your pocket.  Maybe afterwards you can curl up in your egg chair and smoke some weed do some homework whilst listening to your new stack of wax. Life is good. Enjoy.